Education and training institutions must strive to supplement theoretical knowledge with practical skills, social skills and responsibility, ethics and values, and entrepreneurship capability, among others, not to forget learning and innovation skills, information technology skills, and life and career skills. Technical training must not focus only on specific discipline knowledge; behavioral skills must also receive significant consideration, as well as interdisciplinary understanding

Furthermore, the sudden and impactful advances of Industry 4.0 technologies require employees to possess life-long learning capabilities, creativity, emotional intelligence, and proactive thinking, agility in problem solving, ability to reshape processes.